Course Outlines and Prerequisites

Elective Courses:

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EE526 - Biomedical Electromagnetics

  • Instructor:
  • Course Web Page: EE526 - Biomedical Electromagnetics
  • Course information

    Course name

    code

    Semester

    C +P + L Hour

    Credits

    ECTS

    Biomedical Electromagnetics

    EE5xx

    Fall

    3 + 0 + 0

    3

    5

     

    Prerequisites


     

    Language of Instruction

    English

    Course Level

    Master, Doctorate

    Course Type

    Elective

    Course Coordinator

    Assoc.Prof. Dr. Cahit Canbay

    Instructors

    Assoc.Prof. Dr. Cahit Canbay

    Assistants

    -

    Goals

     

     Bioelectromagnetism makes it possible to investigate the coupling mechanisms of electromagnetic fields to biological tissues and the behavior of living tissue on both cellular and organic levels, such as Multiple Sclerosis, Parkinson, Cancer, Alzheimer diseases. Furthermore, the latest scientific achievements now allow scientists to do research at the subcellular level by measuring the electric current flowing through a single ion channel of the cell membrane with the patch-clamp method. With the latter approach, bioelectromagnetism can be applied to molecular biology and to the development of new pharmaceuticals. Thus bioelectromagnetism offers new and important opportunities for the development of diagnostic and therapeutic methods from electromagnetics point of view. Our goal in this course is to learn the coupling mechanisms of electromagnetic fields to biological tissues in terms of to be useful and hazardous affect.

    Content

    Short history of biomedical electromagnetic issues. Biomedical engineering applications in electromagnetic theory. Electromagnetic modeling of medium parameters of biological tissues, dispersion (e, s, m, w, T, H2O, NaCl, Porosity, Relaxation time). The coupling mechanisms of electromagnetic fields to biological tissues. Fundamentals of electrical and electronic measurements in medicine, EEG, ECG, measuring of velocity of blood The analytical and numerical solution of electric and magnetic field integral equations (EFIE, MFIE).Hazardous effects of electromagnetic fields on biological tissues (Multiple Sclerosis Disease, Cancer,…..), electromagnetic exposure standards. Electromagnetic Sensitivity. The using of electromagnetic fields in medicine for diagnostic purposes (MRI, Microwave tomography) and therapy (hyperthermia, antenna arrays, antenna applicators).

     

    Learning Outcomes

    Program Outcomes

    Teaching Methods

    Assessment Methods

    1)Students will learn fundamentals of bioelectromagnetics and application areas.

    1,2,3,4,5,6

    1,2,3,6

    A,D

    2)Students will learn and investigate electromagnetic modeling of medium parameters of biological tissues.

    1,2,3,4,5,6

    1,2,3,6

    A,D

    3)Students will learn the coupling mechanisms of electromagnetic fields to biological tissues.

    1,2,3,4,5,6

    1,2,3,6

    A,D

    4)Students will learn the coupling mechanisms of electromagnetic fields to biological tissues.

    7,8

    3,6

    D

    5)Students will learn EFIE and MFIE, and their use in solving EM problems.

    7,9

    1

    A

    6)Students will learn hazardous effects of electromagnetic fields on biological tissues, exposure standards.

    7,9

    6

    D

    7)Students will learn application areas based on medicine.

     

    6

    D

    Teaching Methods:

    1: Lecture,  2: Problem Solving,  3: Simulation,  4: Seminar,  5: Laboratory,

    6: Term Research Paper

    Assessment Methods:

    A: Exam, B: Quiz, C: Experiment, D: Homework, E: Project






     

     

    COURSE OUTCOMES

     

     

    1

    Adequate knowledge in mathematics, science and engineering subjects pertaining to the relevant discipline; ability to use theoretical and applied information in these areas to model and solve engineering problems.

     

    2

    Ability to identify, formulate, and solve complex engineering problems; ability to select and apply proper analysis and modeling methods for this purpose.

     

     

    3

    Ability to devise, select, and use modern techniques and tools needed for engineering practice; ability to employ information technologies effectively.

     

    4

    Ability to work efficiently in intra-disciplinary and multi-disciplinary teams; ability to work individually.

     

    5

    Ability to communicate effectively both orally and in writing; knowledge of a minimum of one foreign language.

     

    6

    Recognition of the need for lifelong learning; ability to access information, to follow developments in science and technology, and to continue to educate him/herself.

     

    7

    Awareness of professional and ethical responsibility.

     

    8

    Knowledge about contemporary issues and the global and societal effects of engineering practices on health, environment, and safety; awareness of the legal consequences of engineering solutions.

     

     

     

     

    COURSE CONTENT

    Week

    Topics

    Study Materials

    2

    Short history of biomedical electromagnetics, Biomedical engineering applications in electronics, Fundamentals of electrical and electronic measurements in medicine, EEG, ECG, measuring of velocity of blood.

    Course Book+ Rec.materials

    2

    Electromagnetic modeling of medium parameters of biological tissues (e, s, m, w, T, H2O, NaCl, Porozity, Relaxation time).

    Course Book+ Rec.materials

    2

    The coupling mechanisms of electromagnetic fields to biological tissues

    Course Book+ Rec.materials

    8.

    Midterm I    


    2

    The coupling mechanisms of electromagnetic fields to biological tissues

    Course Book+ Rec.materials

    1

    The analytical and numerical solution of electric and magnetic field integral equations (EFIE, MFIE)

    Course Book+ Rec.materials

    3

    Hazardous effects of electromagnetic fields on biological tissues, exposure standards. Cancer, Multiple Scleros, other diseases and Electromagnetic Field Relationship.

    Course Book+ Rec.materials

    14.

    Homework, Oral Presentations


     

    RECOMMENDED SOURCES

    Textbook

    Jaakko Malmivuo and Robert Plonsey , “BIOELECTROMAGNETISM” Oxford University Press, New York, 1995, ISBN 0-19-505823-2

    Additional Resources

    IEEE Trans. on Biomedical Engineering,

    Bioelectrmagnetics

     

    Canbay C, “The radiologically isolated syndrome is the last link of the chain for understanding the etiology of Multiple Sclerosis disease,” European Scientific Journal, July 2014 Edition, Vol. 10, No: 21,pp. 20-35. ISSN:1857-7881(print) e-1857-7431.

     

    Cahit Canbay  The Appraisal of the Etiology of the Multiple Sclerosis Disease In the Light of the Impact of the Dielectrophoretic Force

    Presented at: The 7th World Congress on Controversies in Neurology (CONy), ISTANBUL, TURKEY • APRIL 11-14, 2013

    Canbay, C. “The Essential Environmental Cause of Multiple

    Sclerosis Disease," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, PIER 101, 375-391, 2010. (DOI:10.2528/PIER08062004).

    C. CANBAY, “Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Hastalığının Asıl Nedeni, Yeni Kanıtlar”, Tıp Tekno 2011-Tıp Teknolojileri Ulusal Kongresi, 13-16 Ekim 2011, Belek, Antalya.

    İ. Ünal, B. Türetken, U. Buluş and C. Canbay, “Analysis of Dispersive Effects of Breast Phantom Model on Ultra Wideband Microwave Imaging of Breast Cancer Tumor”, BIOMED 2013, 13-15 Feb 2013, Innsbruck, Austria

    C. CANBAY, “Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Hastalığının Asıl Nedeni”, V. URSI Türkiye 2010 Bilimsel Kongresi ve Ulusal Genel Kurul Toplantısı, 25-27 Ağustos 2010, ODTU Kuzey Kıbrıs Yerleşkesi.

    Canbay, C. and I. Unal, “Electromagnetic modeling of retinal

    photoreceptors," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, PIER 83,353{374, 2008.

     İ. Ünal, B. Türetken, U. Buluş and C. Canbay, “Spherical Conformal Bow-tie Antenna for Ultra Wideband Microwave Imaging of Breast Cancer Tumor”, ACES Journal. (under review)

     İ. Ünal, B. Türetken, U. Buluş and C. Canbay, “Analysis of the Electromagnetic Field Scattered by a Spherical Breast Tumor Model”, URSI-EMTS 2013, 20-24 May 2013, Hiroshima, Japan.

    C. CANBAY and İ. ÜNAL, “Electromagnetic Modeling of Retinal Photoreceptors,” Istanbul Conference on Mathematical Methods and Modeling in Life Sciences and Biomedicine 2009 (ICMMM-LSBM), 17-21 August, 2009, Sile, Istanbul, Turkey.

     İ. Ünal, B. Türetken, U. Buluş ve C. Canbay, “Konformal Antenler Kullanarak            Meme Kanseri Tümörünün Radar-Tabanlı Mikrodalga Görüntüleme Tekniği ile Tespit Edilmesi”, BİYOMUT 2012, 3-5 Ekim 2012, İstanbul.

    C. CANBAY and İ. ÜNAL, “Electromagnetic Modeling of Retinal Photoreceptors,” Istanbul Conference on Mathematical Methods and Modeling in Life Sciences and Biomedicine 2009 (ICMMM-LSBM), 17-21 August, 2009, Sile, Istanbul, Turkey.

    İ. ÜNAL, B. TÜRETKEN, K. SÜRMELİ and C. CANBAY, “An Experimental Microwave Imaging System for Breast Tumor Detection on Layered Phantom Model”, URSI GASS 2011, 13-20 August 2011, İstanbul, Turkey.

    İ. Ünal, Sarbesh B. Malla and C. Canbay, “Determining of Interaction Mechanism between Scattering Electromagnetic Fields and Breast Cancer Tumor Using Theoretical Human Body Models”, Istanbul Conference on Mathematical Methods and Modeling in Life Sciences and Biomedicine 2011 (ICMMM-LSBM), 15-19 August, 2011, Sile, Istanbul, Turkey.

    İ. Ünal, B. Türetken, U. Buluş ve C. Canbay, “Meme Kanseri Tümörünün Tespit Edilmesi İçin Geliştirilen Mikrodalga Görüntüleme Sisteminin, Kalp Pili Kullananlar İçin Elektromagnetik Bağışıklık Açısından İncelenmesi”, I. ULUSAL EMC (Elektromanyetik Uyumluluk) Konferansı, 14-16 Eylül 2011, İstanbul.

    M. C. Akmehmet, İ. Ünal ve C. Canbay, “Dispersif ve Kayıplı Ortamda Keyfi Polarizasyonlu Antenler Arasındaki Elektromagnetik Etkileşimin İncelenmesi”, I. ULUSAL EMC (Elektromanyetik Uyumluluk) Konferansı, 14-16 Eylül 2011, Doğuş Üniversitesi, İstanbul.

    C. Canbay, “Multiple Sclerosis(MS) hastalığının asıl nedeni, yeni kanıtlar", I. ULUSAL EMC (Elektromanyetik Uyumluluk) Konferansı, 14-16 Eylül 2011, Doğuş Üniversitesi, İstanbul.

    İ. Ünal, B. Türetken, U. Buluş, K. Sürmeli ve C. Canbay, “Elektromanyetik Dalgalar Kullanılarak Meme Kanseri Tümörünün Tespitine Yönelik Bir Analiz”, Tıp Tekno 2011-Tıp Teknolojileri Ulusal Kongresi, 13-16 Ekim 2011, Belek, Antalya.

    Cahit CANBAY, N. Özlem ÜNVERDİ , S. Utku AY , Vural BAYRAK. "0-100 GHz Frekans Aralığında Işıma Yapan Yapay ve Doğal Elektromagnetik Alan Kaynaklarının Çevre, Insan Sağlığı Açısından  İncelenmesi ". Elektrik Mühendisliği 5 Ulusal Kongresi, 13-18 Eylül 1993, KTÜ-Trabzon , Cilt 2, Sayfa 486-493. (Tez çalışması değil)

    Cahit CANBAY, N. Özlem ÜNVERDİ, S. Utku AY. "  Mobil ve Masaüstü Elektronik Araçların Dokulara Etkisi ". Elektrik Mühendisliği  5. Ulusal Kongresi, 13-18 Eylül 1993, KTÜ-Trabzon , Cilt 2 , Sayfa 494-498. (Tez çalışması değil)

    CANBAY C., ÜNVERDİ N.Ö., "Elektriksel Kökenli Sistemlerin Elektromagnetik Işımalarının Stratejik Önem, İnsan Sağlığı ve Çevre Uyumluluğu Açısından Değerlendirilmesi," K.H.O 1. Sistem Mühendisliği  Cilt 1, sayfa 319-329,12-13 Ekim 1995, Ankara (Tez çalışması değil)

    CANBAY C,”Sıklıkla kullanılan elektromagnetik alan kaynaklarının ışıma alanlarının biyolojik dokularla etkileşme mekanizması ve epidemiolojik değerlendirme,” Biyomut 1994, , Erciyes Üniversitesi-Kayseri.

     

    CANBAY C,”Mikroşerit Anten Dizisiyle Yoğun Bakım hastalarının Vücut Fonksiyonlarının Uzaktan izlenmesi,” Biyomut 1995, 137-139, Boğaziçi Üniversitesi.

    Cahit CANBAY,"Elektromagnetik Çevre Kirliliği ve Canlılar Üzerindeki Etkisi" Cumhuriyet Gazetesi 29 Mayıs 1990.

    Cahit CANBAY, ‘’Elektromagnetik Çevre Kirliliği’’ Günaydın Gazetesi

    Cahit CANBAY,”Yüksek gerilim hatları tehlike saçıyor” Hürriyet Gazetesi, 23 Aralık 1995

     

    MATERIAL SHARING

    Documents

    Cahit Canbay, Anten ve Propagasyon I,  Yeditepe University Press, 1997, http://ee.yeditepe.edu.tr/staff/canbay/ee421coursebook.htm,

    , http://ee.yeditepe.edu.tr/staff/ilhami/ee421coursebook.htm

    Assignments

    Each student has unique homework. Since students are supposed to accomplish their oral presentations, separately, other students will be able to learn and see the solutions of other homeworks, too.

    Exams

    Questions and Answers of Mid-terms

     

    ASSESSMENT

    IN-TERM STUDIES

    NUMBER

    PERCENTAGE

    Midterm I

    1

    50

    Midterm II

    -

    -

    Homework Assignment

    1

    50

    Total


    100

    CONTRIBUTION OF FINAL EXAMINATION TO OVERALL GRADE


    40

    CONTRIBUTION OF IN-TERM STUDIES TO OVERALL GRADE

     

    60

    Total

     

    100

     

     

    COURSE CATEGORY

    Field Course

     

    PROGRAM OUTCOMES

    No

     Program Learning Outcomes

    Contribution

    1

    2

    3

    4

    5


    1

    Can reach information in breadth and depth, and can evaluate, interpret and apply this information to scientific research in the area of Electrical and Electronics Engineering.





    x


    2

    Can complete and apply information with scientific methods using limited or missing data; can integrate information from different disciplines.





    x


    3

    Sets up Electrical and Electronics Engineering problems, develops and implements innovative methods for their solutions.





    x


    4

    Develops new and/or original ideas and methods; finds innovative solutions to the system, component, or process design.





    x


    5

    Has comprehensive knowledge about the state-of-the-art techniques and methods in Electrical and Electronics Engineering and their limitations.





    x


    6

    Can design and conduct research of analytical, modeling or experimental orientation; can solve and interpret complex cases that come up during this process.




    x



    7

    Can communicate verbally and in writing in one foreign language (English) at the General Level B2 of the European Language Portfolio.





    x


    8

    Can assume leadership in multi-disciplinary teams; can develop solutions in complex situations, and take responsibility.





    x


    9

    Can systematically and openly communicate in national and international venues the proceedings and conclusions of the work he/she performs in Electrical and Electronics Engineering.




    x



    10

    Respects social, scientific and ethical values in all professional activities performed during the collection, interpretation and announcement phases of data.







    11

    Is aware of new and emerging applications in Electrical and Electronics Engineering; investigates and learns them, whenever necessary.





    x


    12

    Can identify the social and environmental aspects of Electrical and Electronics Engineering applications.

     

     

     

     

    x

     

     

    ECTS ALLOCATED BASED ON STUDENT WORKLOAD BY THE COURSE DESCRIPTION

    Activities

    Quantity

    Duration
    (Hour)

    Total
    Workload
    (Hour)

    Course Duration (including 2 midterms: 14xtotal lecture hours)

    14

    3

    42

    Hours for off-the-classroom study (Pre-study, practice)

    14

    3

    42

    Midterm I

    -

    -

    -

    Midterm II

    1

    2

    2

    Homework assignment

    14

    3

    42

    Final examination

    1

    2

    2

    Total Work Load



    128

    Total Work Load / 25 (h)

     

     

    5.01

    ECTS Credit of the Course

     

     

    5

     

  • Syllabus
  • Course Outline:

    Short history of biomedical electromagnetic issues. Biomedical engineering applications in electromagnetic theory. Electromagnetic modeling of medium parameters of biological tissues, dispersion (e, s, m, w, T, H2O, NaCl, Porosity, Relaxation time). The coupling mechanisms of electromagnetic fields to biological tissues. Fundamentals of electrical and electronic measurements in medicine, EEG, ECG, measuring of velocity of blood The analytical and numerical solution of electric and magnetic field integral equations (EFIE, MFIE).Hazardous effects of electromagnetic fields on biological tissues (Multiple Sclerosis Disease, Cancer,…..), electromagnetic exposure standards. Electromagnetic Sensitivity. The using of electromagnetic fields in medicine for diagnostic purposes (MRI, Microwave tomography) and therapy (hyperthermia, antenna arrays, antenna applicators).